This blog chiefly seeks to collate materials available elsewhere on the net by or about J Gresham Machen
Monday, 8 September 2008
A Chronological Outline of Key Events in Machen’s Life
July 20, 1827 Father, Arthur Webster Machen, born
June 17, 1849 Mother, Mary Jones Gresham, born
1876 Brother, Arthur, born
July 28, 1881 Machen born in Baltimore
1881 Francis Patton comes to Princeton as professor
1886 Brother, Thomas, born
1888 Francis Patton becomes president of Princeton
Jan. 4, 1896 Machen became confessing member of Franklin St. Presbyterian Church
1897 William Park Armstrong graduates from Princeton
Nov. 3, 1898 - Machen enters Johns Hopkins on three-year program
1889, 1900, 1902 Machen attended the Northfield Conference
1901 Machen editor of The Hullabaloo, the school annual, the Banjo Club and the Chess Club
April 15, 1901 Machen elected Phi Beta Kappa
Fall, 1901 Machen began a year of graduate studies in Classics at Johns Hopkins
Summer, 1902 Machen took a course in banking and international law at U. of Chicago
Fall, 1902 Machen entered Princeton Seminary
1903 His cousin, LeRoy Gresham, left law in Baltimore to study at Union Seminary in Richmond
1903 Mary Machen published The Bible in Browning
1904 Machen won the Middler Prize in NT Exegesis with paper on John 1:1-18
Spring, 1904 Patton confers with Machen about preparing for a professorship at the Seminary in NT
Summer, 1904 Machen goes to Germany to learn German better
1905 Machen won the senior essay contest with “A Critical Discussion of the NT Account of the Virgin Birth of Jesus”
Spring, 1905 Machen’s graduation from Princeton
Oct., 1905 and Jan. 1906 Publication of senior essay in the Princeton Seminary Review.
1905-1906 Machen studies in Germany (Marburg and Goettingen)
Mar. 11, 1906 Armstrong asks him to join faculty of Princeton.
June 13, 1906 Machen is invited by Warfield’s brother, the president of Lafayette College to come and teach Greek and German.
August 21, 1906 Machen arrives back in America.
Fall, 1906 Machen accepts a year’s appointment to Princeton to assist Armstrong in NT.
Feb., 1909 “Student rebellion” at Princeton
1907-08 Machen announced a course on the birth narratives. His magnum opus, The Virgin Birth of Christ appeared in 1930.
1909 Machen began to supplement Huddlestone’s Essentials of New Testament Greek, an effort which became, New Testament Greek for Beginners in 1923.
1909 Warfield’s message on Calvinism at the 400th anniversary of John Calvin’s birth stirred Machen deeply.
1910-1915 Publication of The Fundamentals: A Testimony to the Truth
Sept. 12, 1912 Machen gave address “Christianity and Culture” at opening of 101st session of Princeton.
Jan. 4, 1913 Machen got his first major recognition as a scholar of international attention when Adolf Harnack reviewed in Theologische Literaturzeitung Machen’s articles on the first chapters of Luke.
Nov. 1913 Machen came under the care of his Presbytery at age 32.
April, 1914 Machen was licensed.
June 23, 1914 Machen was ordained at Plainsboro, NJ.
May, 1914 Machen was elected to Assistant Professor of NT
1914 J. Ross Stevenson elected President of Princeton.
January, 1915 Machen hears Billy Sunday
1914 Machen wrote the weekly lessons for the Board of Christian Education Senior Course of Sunday School.
April, 1915 Machen turns down invitation to Union in Richmond.
May 3, 1915 Machen installed at professor at Princeton.
December 19, 1915 Machen’s father died at the age of 88.
April 6, 1917 America declared war.
Nov. 11, 1918 War ended.
May 6, 1919 Address to alumni and then published the address in the Presbyterianunder the title “The Church in the War”
Summer, 1920 Controversy at General Assembly over the Plan of Union
Feb. 16, 1921 Benjamin Warfield died.
Summer, 1921 General Assembly sees the Plan of Union was defeated in the Presbyteries.
Jan. 1921 Machen delivered Sprunt Lectures at Richmond on the Origin of Paul’s religion.
Oct. 9, 1921 The Origin of Paul’s Religion published
May 22, 1922 Harry Emerson Fosdick preached “Shall the Fundamentalists Win?”
Feb. 1923 Publication of Christianity and Liberalism.
Summer, 1923 General Assembly in Indianapolis elects liberal moderator by 24 votes with delegates about evenly divided (C. F. Wishart over William Jennings Bryant)
Jan. 9, 1924 150 clergymen publish “An Affirmation designed to Safeguard the Unity and Liberty of the Presbyterian Church in the USA” called the Auburn Declaration with 1300 eventual signatures.
March 1, 1925 Machen ceased to be the stated preacher of First Church of Princeton because of accusations of van Dyke
Summer, 1925 1) Charles Erdman, prof. of practical theology elected as Moderator of General Assembly. 2) Machen writes What Is Faith with a view to Grove City Bible Conference.
Nov. 1925 What Is Faith published by Macmillan
Dec. 2, 1925 Machen gives Committee of Fifteen his reasons for believing that Modernism was infecting the Church
Jan. 12, 1926 Lecture “Shall We Have a Federal Department of Education”
Feb. 24, 1926 Machen testifies on Education bills before congressional committee.
April 13, 1926 Machen votes no at Presbytery of New Brunswick meeting against the 18th (prohibition) amendment.
May, 1926 Machen elected by Directors to the chair of Apologetics.
Summer, 1926 1) General Assembly in Baltimore approves the Committee of Fifteen’s report that denies Machen’s allegations. 2) Also the GA appointed a committee to investigate the seminary and eventually make recommendations about its organization. 3) Machen’s approval for chair of Apologetics delayed.
1926-27 Directors of the Seminary said President Stevenson’s “usefulness is at an end.”
April, 1927 Investigating committee published its report.
Spring, 1927 Machen gave Smyth Lectures at Columbia Seminary on the Virgin Birth.
Summer, 1927 General Assembly postpones action on reorganizing seminary and set up larger committee to prepare for it.
Dec. 1927 Machen published, The Attack upon Princeton Seminary: A Plea for Fair Play
Summer, 1928 Owing to the Princeton Petition signed by 11,000 people and 3,000 ministers postponed action on reorganizing the seminary for another year.
June 28, 1928 Machen removes his name from consideration for Professor of Apologetics.
Fall, 1928 Cornelius Van Til takes up instruction in apologetics
Summer, 1929 At St. Paul the reorganization of the seminary was approved at a 5 - 3 proportion.
July 8, 1929 Westminster Seminary conceived in a luncheon on Philadelphia
July 18, 1929 A meeting of seventy persons (former directors, faculty, and students) took steps to organize Westminster.
Sept. 25, 1929 Westminster Seminary opened with 50 students, and Machen gave address: “Westminster Theological Seminary: Its Purpose and Plan.”
1930 Christianity Today incorporated by Machen, Craig and Shrader.
Feb, 1930 The Virgin Birth of Christ is published.
Oct. 31, 1931 Machen’s mother dies.
1932 A committee of the Presbyterian Church publishes Rethinking Missions.
1932 Machen addressed the American Academy of Political and Social Science, on “The Responsibility of the Church in our New Age.”
June 27, 1933 The Independent Board of Foreign Missions was organized and Machen was elected President.
Summer 1934 The GA declares the Independent Board unconstitutional.
Dec. 20, 1934 Machen’s Presbytery appoints a judicial commission to try Machen for “violation of his ordination vows.”
1935 Machen gives a weekly radio program: The Christian Faith in the Modern World, and The Christian View of Man
Feb-Mar, 1935 Trial of Machen before the Presbytery.
Mar. 29, 1935 Guilty verdict.
June 27, 1935 Preparations made for a possible new church by the organization of the Constitutional Covenant Union.
Oct. 7, 1935 First issue of The Presbyterian Guardian.
June 11, 1936 The Presbyterian Church of America was formed and Machen was chosen Moderator.
Summer, 1936 The Syracuse GA rejected the appeal and let the verdict stand.